Knowledge

Reference and support materials for case law research and legal education.

The burden of proofs: why accuracy matters

Case Law

The published law reports in ICLR’s main subscription series are proof-read by at least three people, before being sent for approval by the judges on whose judgments they are based. So you can rest assured that our reports are as accurate, as a record of what the court considered and decided, as is humanly possible. Continue reading

Anatomy of a law report

Case Law

Any law reports, whether of the full text or summary type, needs to contain certain fundamental pieces of information in order to justify its being cited in support of a proposition of law. First of all, it must have a title, usually based on the names of the parties. It must identify the court giving Continue reading

What’s the difference between a “law report” and a “transcript”?

Case Law

What’s the difference between a “law report” and a “transcript”? This is one of those questions where the answer is as obvious to some as it is inconspicuous to others. It is also a question that may, quite reasonably, strike some as a bit pedantic. However, there is a distinction and it doesn’t hurt to be Continue reading

What is a Law Report?

Case Law

A law report is a record of a judicial decision on a point of law which sets a precedent. Not all decisions taken in a court of law set a precedent, however interesting they may be in terms of the facts of the case or its consequences. A decision is only reportable if lays down Continue reading

What is case law?

Case Law

Case law is the law created by the courts Although most laws are enacted by Parliament in the form of legislation, in a common law system such as ours the courts can also develop the law. By deciding a disputed point of law a senior court (known as a court of record) can change or Continue reading

What does a subscription to ICLR.4 include?

Case Law

A subscription to ICLR.4 provides access to the full text case reports and PDFs from ICLR’s published law report series. Other content on the site, such as unreported judgment transcripts, citator information (“index cards”) and WLR Daily case summaries, together with our intuitive and powerful case search, is free. For more information, see our Products page. Continue reading

The Past, Present and Future of the ICLR

Case Law

The following essay is taken from the The Law Reports 1865-2015 Anniversary Edition, published to mark ICLR’s 150th anniversary in 2015. (The book is available from the ICLR Bookshop.)  This collection of fifteen landmark cases has been published to mark the sesquicentenary or 150th anniversary of the founding of the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting Continue reading

Case law: sometimes less is more

Case Law

Over-citation of authority The cornerstone of ICLR’s approach to reporting judicial decisions is that only the cases that make new law or change existing law merit coverage in a law report. The reasoning behind this philosophy is that cases decided purely on their facts, or through the application of principles in cases that have already Continue reading

Why are cases in the Weekly Law Reports split into separate volumes in the same part?

Case Law

The explanation is historical. When launched as a series in 1953, the Weekly Law Reports (WLR) were intended to provide early publication in regular weekly parts of those cases which would eventually appear in the monthly parts of the official Law Reports (AC, Ch, QB or P/Fam volumes). WLR also contained less important cases, covering Continue reading

Neutral Citation

Case Law

A neutral citation is a unique court-assigned reference number for a judgment in a common law jurisdiction. Sometimes described as “medium neutral” (meaning they can be published in print or online using the same reference) or “vendor neutral” / “publisher neutral” (meaning they are not dependent, like traditional law reports, on the selection and editing Continue reading

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