Reference and support materials for case law research and legal education.

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The decision of a court, or of a jury in a court, determining the outcome of a case.

In the criminal courts of England and Wales, and in most other common law jurisdictions, a verdict is either “guilty” or “not guilty”.

In Scotland, uniquely, a criminal trial may result in one of three different verdicts: “guilty”, “not guilty” or “not proven”. Both “not guilty” and “not proven” result in an acquittal.

In a coroner’s court, whether or not sitting with a jury, verdicts (or conclusions) are more varied. They include “Death by natural causes”, “Death by misadventure”, “Accidental death”, “Lawful killing”, “Unlawful killing”, “Suicide” and an “Open verdict”.