Glossary

Solicitor General

Glossary

The Solicitor General (SG) is one of the government’s two Law Officers and supports the Attorney General (AG) across a range of responsibilities. These include: deputising for the Attorney General and being responsible for such matters as the Attorney General delegates supporting the Attorney General in overseeing the Government Legal Department (GLD), the Crown Prosecution Continue reading

Specific issue order

Glossary

An order giving directions for the purpose of determining a specific question which has arisen, or which may arise, in connection with any aspect of parental responsibility for a child (see section 8 of the Children Act 1989, as amended by the Children and Families Act 2014). Continue reading

Spent conviction

Glossary

A “spent” conviction or caution is one which, under a scheme established by the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974, no longer needs to be disclosed, eg to a future employer. Broadly speaking, a conviction for which someone is sentenced to less than two and a half years in prison, or to a non-custodial sentence, becomes spent Continue reading

Stare decisis

Glossary

Latin expression of the common law doctrine of binding precedent. Literally, “to stand by what is (or has been) decided”. Continue reading

Stipendiary magistrate

Glossary

A salaried full time judge who sits in a magistrates’ court, generally to hear more serious cases than those assigned to benches of two or three lay justices (of the peace). Replaced in August 2000 by the new role of District Judge (Magistrates’ Court). They can be authorised to hear cases in the Family Court. Continue reading

Sub judice

Glossary

Latin for “under judgment”, or “under consideration”, with the implication that the matter should not be discussed elsewhere. Usually refers to a pending court case, comment on which is discouraged or forbidden in order to avoid prejudicing the outcome. Continue reading

Sui generis

Glossary

Latin for “in a class of its own”, as opposed to “ejusdem generis”, denoting something of the same kind as others. By way of example (highlighted in bold): Inland Revenue Commissioners v Whitworth Park Coal Co Ltd [1958] Ch 792, 815 per Jenkins LJ: “(1) To come within the rule as an ‘other annual payment’ the Continue reading

Summary offence

Glossary

A less serious criminal offence which would be tried in a Magistrates’ Court. Continue reading

Think tank

Glossary

An organisation or institute dedicated to research and advocacy on a particular area of social, political or economic policy. Whilst often claiming to be independent, a think tank need not be non-partisan, declared or otherwise, or unaffiliated to a political party. Though usually not for profit, a think tank is not obliged to publish its Continue reading

Third Party Debt order, TPD order

Glossary

In civil litigation, a Third Party Debt (TPD) order enables a debt, or part of a debt, owed by a third party to the defendant, to be paid directly to the claimant, in satisfaction of a judgment debt. So if person A claims money from person B and the court upholds A’s claim and orders B to Continue reading